CDR-1361: SR Set: The Bauhaus, 1919-1933

Industrialization across Europe in the mid 19th century resulted in a growing sense among many that mass-production and artistic expression could go hand in hand. An enormous influx of workers into cities necessitated large-scale housing projects at the beginning of the 20th century. Peter Behrens' 1907 AEG building demonstrated that art and industrial design--using concrete and steel--could very well generate artistic expression. Interrupted by World War I, Gropius in 1919 founded the Bauhaus in Weimar in the hope of reconciling fine arts and applied arts. His style of functional building was reflected in the many workers housing projects that Bruno Taut, Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier and others built in Berlin, Stuttgart and other metropolises. Hans Meyer's leadership (1928-30) resulted in important commissions and financial gain and his emphasis on mathematical accuracy may well have meant the beginning of pre-fabricated architectural components. Increasingly political difficulties intervened until finally the Dessau Bauhaus closed in 1930. Mies van der Rohe attempted to re-open the School in Berlin in 1932 but after only ten months Nazi politics and pressure resulted in the closure of the Bauhaus but not in the International style.



Dva-19630
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Title: Fabric sample
Creator(s): Gunta Stölzl
Vendor: Davis Art Images
Dva-19340
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Title: Magazine cover: Die Neue Linie
Creator(s): Herbert Bayer
Vendor: Davis Art Images
Dva-13642
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Title: Kandinsky, 60th Birthday (with photo of Kandinsky)
Creator(s): Herbert Bayer
Description: Poster
Vendor: Davis Art Images
Dva-19088
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Title: "Point and Line to Surface" (Punkt und Linie zu Fläche)
Creator(s): Herbert Bayer
Description: 2nd edition, cover
Vendor: Davis Art Images
Dva-13687
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Title: Bauhaus 50th Anniversary, Stuttgart
Creator(s): Herbert Bayer
Description: Poster
Vendor: Davis Art Images
Dva-21044
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Title: Bauhaus Stairway
Creator(s): Roy Lichtenstein
Vendor: Davis Art Images