CDR-1367: SR Set: Coordinated Universal Time (UTC)

On June 30, 2015 a 'leap second' was added to make up the difference between International Atomic Time and Universal Time (or Astronomical Time). This event prompted us to explore the idea of time as it is represented visually in the Scholars Resource archive. The measurement of time began with the use of shadows cast by the sun as in sun dials or shadow clocks (among the earliest being ancient Egyptian obelisks). Over the centuries more elaborate instruments such as clocks, astrolabes, armillary spheres, etc. were developed particularly in pursuit of mapping celestial bodies for navigational purposes. The measurement of time remains an important element in navigation, be it for crossing the high seas in1492, navigating our quotidian life today, or traveling to the dwarf planet Pluto in the twenty-first century.



Kir-45854
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Title: Chartres Cathedral
Description: Ambulatory: choir wall
Vendor: Inter-American Institute/Dr. James Bartholomay Kiracofe
Kir-45855
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Title: Chartres Cathedral
Description: Ambulatory: choir wall
Vendor: Inter-American Institute/Dr. James Bartholomay Kiracofe
Kfa-0984
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Title: Cathedral of Notre Dame, Strasbourg
Description: Detail of south Transept façade
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Kfa-0985
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Title: Cathedral of Notre Dame, Strasbourg
Description: Madonna and Clock on south Transept
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Kfa-0001
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Title: Palace of the Capetians, Tour de l'Horloge
Description: General view of main façade and corner tower with clock
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Kfa-0004
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Title: Palace of the Capetians, Tour de l'Horloge
Description: Detail view of the clock
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
AFr-1802
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Title: Le Gros-Horloge, Rouen
Description: east façade
Vendor: Hartill Art Associates
Ard-28930
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Title: Rouen: Medieval Buildings; Topographic Views
Creator(s): Gilchrist, Scott
Description: The Gros-Horloge, built next to the town belfry
Vendor: Archivision, Inc.
Ard-28939
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Title: Rouen: Medieval Buildings; Topographic Views
Creator(s): Gilchrist, Scott
Description: The Gros-Horloge, built next to the town belfry
Vendor: Archivision, Inc.
Ard-28940
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Title: Rouen: Medieval Buildings; Topographic Views
Creator(s): Gilchrist, Scott
Description: The Gros-Horloge, built next to the town belfry, detail, showing the clock face
Vendor: Archivision, Inc.
Kia-0431
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Title: Rotonda di S. Lorenzo
Description: View of Clock Tower & dome of S. Andrea
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
AGe-0138
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Title: Altportel Clock Tower
Description: west tower
Vendor: Hartill Art Associates
AFr-3587
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Title: Medieval fortified towngate (Porte-de-l'horloge),Camaret-sur-Aigues, France
Description: watchtowers; flanking clock; belfry
Vendor: Hartill Art Associates
Kir-3549
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Title: Testour: Andalusian Mosque and Minaret
Description: Lateral view of wall and Minaret.
Vendor: Inter-American Institute/Dr. James Bartholomay Kiracofe
Kir-9538
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Title: Testour: Andalusian Mosque and Minaret
Description: Closer view of Minaret, showing clock.
Vendor: Inter-American Institute/Dr. James Bartholomay Kiracofe
Mif-0933
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Title: Piazza San Marco with Clock Tower
Creator(s): Francesco Guardi
Description: Clock Tower
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Ard-28260
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Title: St Mark's Clocktower
Creator(s): Mauro Codussi
Description: View of the central tower
Vendor: Archivision, Inc.
Ard-28261
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Title: St Mark's Clocktower
Creator(s): Mauro Codussi
Description: Closer view of the central tower
Vendor: Archivision, Inc.
Ard-28268
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Title: St Mark's Clocktower
Creator(s): Mauro Codussi
Description: The Moors, view from below
Vendor: Archivision, Inc.
Ard-28263
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Title: St Mark's Clocktower
Creator(s): Mauro Codussi
Description: Detail of the Virgin with Child
Vendor: Archivision, Inc.
Ard-28264
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Title: St Mark's Clocktower
Creator(s): Mauro Codussi
Description: The clock, frontal view
Vendor: Archivision, Inc.
Ard-28265
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Title: St Mark's Clocktower
Creator(s): Mauro Codussi
Description: The clock, close frontal view
Vendor: Archivision, Inc.
Ard-28266
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Title: St Mark's Clocktower
Creator(s): Mauro Codussi
Description: The clock, detail of the zodiac figures
Vendor: Archivision, Inc.
Ard-28253
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Title: St Mark's Clocktower
Creator(s): Mauro Codussi
Description: The clock, detail, depicting a sun as the dial
Vendor: Archivision, Inc.
Ard-24692
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Title: Musée du Louvre
Creator(s): Louis Le Vau
Jacques Lemercier
Pierre Lescot
Description: The Pavillon de l'Horloge, or the central pavilion on the east flank of the Cour Napoleon
Vendor: Archivision, Inc.
Mfb-0040a
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Title: Cour Carrée
Creator(s): Pierre Lescot
Jacques Lemercier
Description: Upper façade detail w. elaborate cornice & sculpture
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
HAA-02061
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Title: Hampton Court Palace, Clock Court
Creator(s): Thomas Wolsey
Nicholas Oursin
Description: View towards S flank of Great Hall
Vendor: Hartill Art Associates
HAA-02062
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Title: Hampton Court Palace, Clock Court
Creator(s): Thomas Wolsey
Nicholas Oursin
Description: a/a, the Astrological Clock; over Anne Boleyn's Gate on E facade onto Clock Court
Vendor: Hartill Art Associates
Dva-12425
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Title: Clock Tower
Creator(s): Unknown
Description: general view from street
Vendor: Davis Art Images
Mib-0269
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Title: Piazza, Façade and Dome of St. Peter's
Creator(s): Michelangelo Buonarroti
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Carlo Maderno
Description: Overall view
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Mib-1190
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Title: Piazza, Façade and Dome of St. Peter's
Creator(s): Michelangelo Buonarroti
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Carlo Maderno
Description: Facade detail: upper left corner with clock
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Lea-0002
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Title: Guildhall (Courts)
Description: View of side façade w. clock tower and scraffito design
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Lfa-0119
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Title: Hôtel de Ville, Paris
Description: Wide view ESE: 3/4 of western façade
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Lfa-0122
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Title: Hôtel de Ville, Paris
Description: Vertical detail of sculpted central Clock Tower
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Lfa-0123
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Title: Hôtel de Ville, Paris
Description: Central detail: Clock Tower & surrounding sculpture
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Lib-0249
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Title: Arco Foscari, Triumphal Arch facing the Scala dei Giganti, Courtyard of Doge's Palace (1608-15)
Creator(s): Antonio Rizzo
Antonio Bregno
Description: General view of S façade and courtyard facade of Doge's Palace (early 17th c)
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Lib-0252
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Title: Arco Foscari, Triumphal Arch facing the Scala dei Giganti, Courtyard of Doge's Palace (1608-15)
Creator(s): Antonio Rizzo
Antonio Bregno
Description: Detail view of courtyard façade w. Baroque clock
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Dva-12645
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Title: Khan El-Umdan (Inn of Columns) and Clock Tower
Creator(s): Unknown
Description: aerial view
Vendor: Davis Art Images
Dva-12968
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Title: Clock Tower
Creator(s): Unknown
Description: general view
Vendor: Davis Art Images
Msb-0035
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Title: Communidad de Madrid (City Hall)
Creator(s): Jaime Marquet
Description: Total view of façade w. clock tower from N
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.