CDR-1367: SR Set: Coordinated Universal Time (UTC)

On June 30, 2015 a 'leap second' was added to make up the difference between International Atomic Time and Universal Time (or Astronomical Time). This event prompted us to explore the idea of time as it is represented visually in the Scholars Resource archive. The measurement of time began with the use of shadows cast by the sun as in sun dials or shadow clocks (among the earliest being ancient Egyptian obelisks). Over the centuries more elaborate instruments such as clocks, astrolabes, armillary spheres, etc. were developed particularly in pursuit of mapping celestial bodies for navigational purposes. The measurement of time remains an important element in navigation, be it for crossing the high seas in1492, navigating our quotidian life today, or traveling to the dwarf planet Pluto in the twenty-first century. (August 2015)



Kir-10046
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Title: Fez: Bou Inania Medersa
Description: Detail: close up of woodwork of Water Clock.
Vendor: Inter-American Institute/Dr. James Bartholomay Kiracofe
Bal-66709
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Title: A Volvelle, possibly showing the cycles of the Moon
Creator(s): German School
Description: black and white photo
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Lgk-0001
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Title: Astronomical Clock
Description: view upward of 24-hour dial of clock with part of zodiac circle below
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Lgk-0002
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Title: Astronomical Clock
Description: view upward of 24 hour dial of clock
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Lgk-0003
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Title: Astronomical Clock
Description: detail: zodiac calender circle
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Lgk-0004
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Title: Astronomical Clock
Description: detail of zodiac circle with figures around it
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Lgk-0005
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Title: Astronomical Clock
Description: close detail of decorations on zodiac circle
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Met-06779
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Title: Astronomical Table Clock
Vendor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
XIR-208583
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Title: Astronomical clock made for Grand Dauphin Louis of France (1661-1711)
Creator(s): Philippe Caffieri
Pierre Fardoil
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-158211
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Title: Charles V automatic clock in form of a nef
Creator(s): Hans Schlottheim
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-182137
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Title: Planetary clock, completed in 1520
Creator(s): Oronce Fine
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Met-05342
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Title: Mirror Clock
Vendor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Msw-0001
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Title: Table Clock
Creator(s): Jost Bürgi
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Met-3329
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Title: Longcase clock with calendrical, lunar, and tidal indications
Creator(s): Thomas Tompion
Jasper Braem
Vendor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
XIR-170496
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Title: Clock in shape of a bail with a docker figurine
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-212948
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Title: Clock wth four dials and signs of zodiac
Creator(s): Antide Janvier
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-213922
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Title: Louis XV style cartel clock
Creator(s): French School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-216131
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Title: Louis XV Style clock surmounted by a chinese man
Creator(s): French School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-218265
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Title: Decimal and duodecimal clock with dials of revolutionary and Gregorian calendars and phases of moon, made in Paris
Creator(s): Philippe-Laurent Roland
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Met-1756
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Title: Mantel Clock (Pendule de chiminée),
Creator(s): Joseph Baumhauer
Julien Le Roy
Laurent Guiard
Vendor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Met-2208
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Title: Clock
Creator(s): David Roentgen
Description: Front
Vendor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Met-2691
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Title: Clock (Pendule)
Creator(s): Chantilly Porcelain Manufactory
Benjamin Gray
Justin Vuilliamy
Vendor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Met-3613
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Title: Tall Clock
Creator(s): John Townsend
William Tomlinson
Vendor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Met-4025
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Title: nécessaire (one of a pair)
Creator(s): John Barbot
Vendor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Met-05854
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Title: Clock
Creator(s): Jean-Philippe Gosselin
Jean-Joseph de Saint Germain
Vendor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Tol-00982
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Title: Pagoda Clock
Vendor: Toledo Museum of Art
Bal-57342
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Title: Bracket clock
Creator(s): John Martin
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-66323
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Title: Black lacquer bracket clock
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-64591
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Title: Miniature bracket clock with a blued steel and gilt metal case
Creator(s): Thomas Tompion
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Dva-24271
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Title: Mantle clock
Creator(s): Griffith, Owen
Vendor: Davis Art Images
XSH-004953
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Title: Louis XVI monumental clock and barometer
Creator(s): French School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
MMT-189580
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Title: Geographic clock, Sevres Workshop
Creator(s): French School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
BAL-002259
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Title: Boulle bracket clock by A.Brocot Delettrez, Paris
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
BAL-008042
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Title: Collection of Pendules de Paris
Creator(s): French School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
BAL-008043
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Title: Pendule de Paris
Creator(s): French School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
MMT-238221
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Title: Clock vase with an eagle
Creator(s): French School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Met-1796
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Title: Clock
Creator(s): Simon Willard
Description: Overall, front
Vendor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Met-2000
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Title: Tall Clock
Vendor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Bal-61636
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Title: Columned clock
Creator(s): Seth Thomas
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-62093
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Title: Trunk dial clock, London
Creator(s): Bannister, James
Vendor: Bridgeman Education