CDR-1367: SR Set: Coordinated Universal Time (UTC)

On June 30, 2015 a 'leap second' was added to make up the difference between International Atomic Time and Universal Time (or Astronomical Time). This event prompted us to explore the idea of time as it is represented visually in the Scholars Resource archive. The measurement of time began with the use of shadows cast by the sun as in sun dials or shadow clocks (among the earliest being ancient Egyptian obelisks). Over the centuries more elaborate instruments such as clocks, astrolabes, armillary spheres, etc. were developed particularly in pursuit of mapping celestial bodies for navigational purposes. The measurement of time remains an important element in navigation, be it for crossing the high seas in1492, navigating our quotidian life today, or traveling to the dwarf planet Pluto in the twenty-first century. (August 2015)



HAA-02061
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Title: Hampton Court Palace, Clock Court
Creator(s): Thomas Wolsey
Nicholas Oursin
Description: View towards S flank of Great Hall
Vendor: Hartill Art Associates
HAA-02062
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Title: Hampton Court Palace, Clock Court
Creator(s): Thomas Wolsey
Nicholas Oursin
Description: a/a, the Astrological Clock; over Anne Boleyn's Gate on E facade onto Clock Court
Vendor: Hartill Art Associates
Dva-12425
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Title: Clock Tower
Creator(s): Unknown
Description: general view from street
Vendor: Davis Art Images
Mib-0269
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Title: Piazza, Façade and Dome of St. Peter's
Creator(s): Michelangelo Buonarroti
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Carlo Maderno
Description: Overall view
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Mib-1190
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Title: Piazza, Façade and Dome of St. Peter's
Creator(s): Michelangelo Buonarroti
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Carlo Maderno
Description: Facade detail: upper left corner with clock
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Lea-0002
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Title: Guildhall (Courts)
Description: View of side façade w. clock tower and scraffito design
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Lfa-0119
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Title: Hôtel de Ville, Paris
Description: Wide view ESE: 3/4 of western façade
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Lfa-0122
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Title: Hôtel de Ville, Paris
Description: Vertical detail of sculpted central Clock Tower
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Lfa-0123
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Title: Hôtel de Ville, Paris
Description: Central detail: Clock Tower & surrounding sculpture
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Lib-0249
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Title: Arco Foscari, Triumphal Arch facing the Scala dei Giganti, Courtyard of Doge's Palace (1608-15)
Creator(s): Antonio Rizzo
Antonio Bregno
Description: General view of S façade and courtyard facade of Doge's Palace (early 17th c)
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Lib-0252
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Title: Arco Foscari, Triumphal Arch facing the Scala dei Giganti, Courtyard of Doge's Palace (1608-15)
Creator(s): Antonio Rizzo
Antonio Bregno
Description: Detail view of courtyard façade w. Baroque clock
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Dva-12645
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Title: Khan El-Umdan (Inn of Columns) and Clock Tower
Creator(s): Unknown
Description: aerial view
Vendor: Davis Art Images
Dva-12968
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Title: Clock Tower
Creator(s): Unknown
Description: general view
Vendor: Davis Art Images
Msb-0035
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Title: Communidad de Madrid (City Hall)
Creator(s): Jaime Marquet
Description: Total view of façade w. clock tower from N
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Mgb-0017
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Title: Abbey Church of Weingarten
Creator(s): Andreas Moosbrugger
Herkomer, Johann Jakob
Franz Beer II
Donato Giuseppi Frisoni
Description: Total view of façade
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Mgb-0018
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Title: Abbey Church of Weingarten
Creator(s): Andreas Moosbrugger
Herkomer, Johann Jakob
Franz Beer II
Donato Giuseppi Frisoni
Description: Detail view of clock tower, sculptural gable screen, curvilinear entablature
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Mia-0545
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Title: Duomo (Palermo Cathedral) Our Lady of the Assumption
Description: det: S flank dome & clock tower at eastern end (dome by Ferdinand FUGA). Free-standing statue of St. Rosalia banishing the plague from Messina
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Mia-0570
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Title: Duomo (Palermo Cathedral) Our Lady of the Assumption
Description: detail of cathedral plaza: Norman tower transfored by clock & Gothic elements, with freestanding 18th c. sculpture of Sts. Rasalia driving out the plague
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Nib-0053
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Title: Rajabhai Clock-tower and University Library, Bombay
Description: Total view of Rajabhai Tower from Bhaurao Patil Marg
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
ACa-1280
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Title: Town clock and tower
Vendor: Hartill Art Associates
Dva-8534
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Title: Town Clock general view
Creator(s): Robert Mills
Vendor: Davis Art Images
Bal-64796
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Title: London, Towers of Parliament
Creator(s): Claude Monet
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Neb-0001
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Title: Houses of Parliament (Palace of Westminster)
Creator(s): Charles Barry the Elder
Description: Total Thames Façade fr ENE on Westminster Bridge
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Dva-2774
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Title: Houses of Parliament
Creator(s): Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin
Charles Barry the Elder
Description: View of Big Ben
Vendor: Davis Art Images
Neb-0003
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Title: Houses of Parliament (Palace of Westminster)
Creator(s): Charles Barry the Elder
Description: det: upper stories of Big Ben Tower
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Neb-0004
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Title: Houses of Parliament (Palace of Westminster)
Creator(s): Charles Barry the Elder
Description: close det: spire of Big Ben Tower
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Bal-64818
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Title: Light on the Clock Tower, Houses of Parliament
Creator(s): English School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-65737
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Title: Electrical apparatus for the Clock Tower, Houses of Parliament
Creator(s): English School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Nib-0041
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Title: Victoria Terminus Railway Station, Bombay
Creator(s): Frederick Stevens
Description: General view NE
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Nib-0043
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Title: Victoria Terminus Railway Station, Bombay
Creator(s): Frederick Stevens
Description: clock tower and central dome
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Nib-0045
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Title: Victoria Terminus Railway Station, Bombay
Creator(s): Frederick Stevens
Description: Detail: base of clock tower
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
AFr-2036
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Title: Gare de Lyon
Description: façade
Vendor: Hartill Art Associates
AFr-2037
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Title: Gare de Lyon
Description: clock tower
Vendor: Hartill Art Associates
ACa-0394B
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Title: Parliament Buildings, Ottawa
Description: west wing and entrance to House of Commons; façade
Vendor: Hartill Art Associates
ACa-0390B
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Title: Parliament Buildings, Ottawa
Description: center block; south façade; peace tower; upper stages and clock
Vendor: Hartill Art Associates
AFr-3004
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Title: Hotel de Ville,Calais, France
Description: façade, clock tower
Vendor: Hartill Art Associates
AFr-3005
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Title: Hotel de Ville,Calais, France
Description: clock tower
Vendor: Hartill Art Associates
AFr-3006
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Title: Hotel de Ville,Calais, France
Description: clock tower; turreted belfry
Vendor: Hartill Art Associates
Ard-39054
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Title: Roddick Memorial Gates
Creator(s): Grattan D.Thompson
Description: Overall view looking north
Vendor: Archivision, Inc.
Ard-39055
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Title: Roddick Memorial Gates
Creator(s): Grattan D.Thompson
Description: Terminating block (clock tower), west flank; Clock faces on all four sides. The clock has four bells which sound the Westminster chimes.
Vendor: Archivision, Inc.