CDR-1367: SR Set: Coordinated Universal Time (UTC)

On June 30, 2015 a 'leap second' was added to make up the difference between International Atomic Time and Universal Time (or Astronomical Time). This event prompted us to explore the idea of time as it is represented visually in the Scholars Resource archive. The measurement of time began with the use of shadows cast by the sun as in sun dials or shadow clocks (among the earliest being ancient Egyptian obelisks). Over the centuries more elaborate instruments such as clocks, astrolabes, armillary spheres, etc. were developed particularly in pursuit of mapping celestial bodies for navigational purposes. The measurement of time remains an important element in navigation, be it for crossing the high seas in1492, navigating our quotidian life today, or traveling to the dwarf planet Pluto in the twenty-first century. (August 2015)



Ard-39058
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Title: Roddick Memorial Gates
Creator(s): Grattan D.Thompson
Description: Terminating block, west flank, detail of clock; Clock faces on all four sides. The clock has four bells which sound the Westminster chimes.
Vendor: Archivision, Inc.
Dva-8208
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Title: Board of Trade Building north facade detail: clock and sculpture
Creator(s): Holabird & Root
Vendor: Davis Art Images
XIR-158166
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Title: Terrestrial Globe, showing Indian Ocean, made in Nuremberg
Creator(s): Martin Behaim
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-183374
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Title: Terrestrial Globe, showing Indian Ocean, made in Nuremberg, 1492
Creator(s): Martin Behaim
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Met-07113
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Title: The Creation of the World and the Expulsion from Paradise
Creator(s): Giovanni di Paolo
Vendor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Met-04722
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Title: Celestial Globe with Clockwork
Creator(s): Gerhard Emmoser
Vendor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Bal-65402
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Title: FY 1404 Takyuddin and other astronomers at the Galata observatory founded in 1557 by Sultan Suleyman
Creator(s): Turkish School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XAM-090827
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Title: Celestial globe made by Vincenzo Maria Coronelli (1650-1718)
Creator(s): Vincenzo Maria Coronelli
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XAM-090828
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Title: Terrestrial globe made by Vincenzo Maria Coronelli (1650-1718)
Creator(s): Vincenzo Maria Coronelli
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Mhf-1809
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Title: The Astronomer
Creator(s): Jan Vermeer
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
Mhf-1810
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Title: The Astronomer
Creator(s): Jan Vermeer
Description: astronomer and globe
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.
XCF-090197
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Title: Planetary orbits, plate 18 from 'The Celestial Atlas, or the Harmony of the Universe' (Atlas coelestis seu harmonia macrocosmica) depicting the Ptolemaic and Tycho Brahe systems
Creator(s): Andreas Cellarius
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XCF-090198
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Title: The Situation of the Earth in the Heavens, plate 74 from 'The Celestial Atlas, or the Harmony of the Universe' (Atlas coelestis seu harmonia macrocosmica)
Creator(s): Andreas Cellarius
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-60788
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Title: Still Life
Creator(s): Jacob van der Heyden
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-63128
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Title: Terrestrial and celestial globe ordered by Louis XVI (1754-93) for the instruction of the Dauphin
Creator(s): Edme Mentelle
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bos-40865
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Title: Portrait of a Man in his Study
Creator(s): Marguerite GĂ©rard
Vendor: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Bal-63820
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Title: Ptolemy's System
Creator(s): English School
Paul Lacroix
Paul Lacroix
Description: black and white photo
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-184008
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Title: The Whole World
Creator(s): Jacques Dalieri
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
BAL-041668
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Title: President Theodore Roosevelt of the United States of America and the German Kaiser Wilhelm II, in the dispute over the German Blockade of Venezuela
Creator(s): Jean Leon Gerome Ferris
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Ver-01869
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Title: Los Angeles Public Library-Sculptures
Creator(s): Lee Lawrie
Description: Lodwrick M. Cook Rotunda. Detail. Chandelier. Design represents the solar system, with a glass globe surrounded by zodiac signs.
Vendor: Veritas Imaging
XIR-175120
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Title: Segment of Peutinger Table, facsimile of 3rd century original
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-64190
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Title: Peutinger Table
Creator(s): French School
Description: Detail
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
BAL-042850
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Title: Map of the world, based on descriptions and co-ordinates given in 'Geographia', by Ptolemy (Claudius Ptolemaeus of Alexandria) (c.90-168 AD)
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-59711
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Title: Map of Jericho
Creator(s): Byzantine School
Description: Detail
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-57535
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Title: Copy of an 8th century Beatus mappamundi
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-69040
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Title: Mappa Mundi
Creator(s): Richard of Haldingham (Richard de Bello)
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-54141
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Title: Beatus of Turin mappamundi
Creator(s): Italian School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-051359
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Title: Phenomena of Aratus, cosmological diagram (map of heavens)
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-161733
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Title: Map of Egypt, from 'Atlas Geographique'
Creator(s): Idrisi
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-177177
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Title: Tigris and Euphrates from a Geographical Atlas
Creator(s): Ibrahim ibn Muhammad Istakhri
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-167558
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Title: Ms 782 f.374v World map with Jerusalem in centre, from 'Chroniques de St. Denis'
Creator(s): French School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-56033
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Title: Tib B V (part I) f.56v World Map showing Britain in the lower left hand section and Jerusalem in the centre
Creator(s): English School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XTD-069096
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Title: Ms. 7249 Esp.30 Folio 2v-3; Detail from a Catalan World Map
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XZL-151199
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Title: Detail of Asia from Catalan Atlas by Abraham Cresques (1325-87) 1375
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XZL-151844
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Title: Catalan Atlas
Creator(s): Abraham Cresques
Description: Detail
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XZL-151189
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Title: Detail of North Africa and Europe from Catalan Atlas by Abraham Cresques (1325-87)
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-157909
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Title: Map of world
Creator(s): Ptolemy (Claudius Ptolemaeus of Alexandria)
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-54432
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Title: Map of central Europe
Creator(s): Ptolemy (Claudius Ptolemaeus of Alexandria)
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-65804
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Title: Double Hemisphere World Map
Creator(s): Gerardus Mercator
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-65805
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Title: Double Hemisphere World Map
Creator(s): Gerardus Mercator
Vendor: Bridgeman Education