CDR-1367: SR Set: Coordinated Universal Time (UTC)

On June 30, 2015 a 'leap second' was added to make up the difference between International Atomic Time and Universal Time (or Astronomical Time). This event prompted us to explore the idea of time as it is represented visually in the Scholars Resource archive. The measurement of time began with the use of shadows cast by the sun as in sun dials or shadow clocks (among the earliest being ancient Egyptian obelisks). Over the centuries more elaborate instruments such as clocks, astrolabes, armillary spheres, etc. were developed particularly in pursuit of mapping celestial bodies for navigational purposes. The measurement of time remains an important element in navigation, be it for crossing the high seas in1492, navigating our quotidian life today, or traveling to the dwarf planet Pluto in the twenty-first century. (August 2015)



Bal-59476
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Title: Illustration from the 'Kalendar of Shepherds'
Creator(s): English School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-59620
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Title: Lat 1156 B f.163 November; deer hunting
Creator(s): French School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-64513
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Title: Ms 19 March: Aries and a man felling trees
Creator(s): French School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-64861
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Title: Lat 1173 f.1 January; figures eating and drinking
Creator(s): French School
Robinet Testard
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-198496
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Title: January, from 'Almanach des Bergers'
Creator(s): Pierre Le Rouge
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-201699
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Title: May, from 'Almanach des Bergers'
Creator(s): Pierre Le Rouge
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-213928
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Title: Ms 134 April: Picking Flowers, from a Book of Hours
Creator(s): French School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-162662
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Title: Aztec Codex Borbonicus, 'Tonalamatl', detail depicting Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-59795
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Title: Month of February
Creator(s): English School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-59793
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Title: Month of August
Creator(s): English School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-59794
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Title: Month of December
Creator(s): English School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-155967
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Title: Fol.1v Month of January: Rich Lord at the Table
Creator(s): Italian School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-211752
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Title: Fol.9v Month of September: Wine Harvest, from 'Breviarium Grimani'
Creator(s): Italian School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-180685
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Title: Front page of an almanach for 1653
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-086114
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Title: Calendar for year of 1783 commemorating Treaty of Versailles in 1768 in which America gained its independence
Creator(s): French School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-082275
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Title: Republican calendar
Creator(s): French School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-056504
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Title: Pluviose (January/February) fifth month of Republican Calendar, engraved by Tresca
Creator(s): Louis Lafitte
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-62023
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Title: Ventose (February/March)
Creator(s): Louis Lafitte
Salvatore Tresca
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-082280
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Title: Messidor (June/July), tenth month of Republican Calendar, engraved by Tresca, French
Creator(s): Louis Lafitte
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-082281
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Title: Thermidor (July/August), eleventh month of Republican Calendar, engraved by Tresca
Creator(s): Louis Lafitte
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-68017
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Title: Fructidor (August/September) twelfth month of the Republican Calendar
Creator(s): Louis Lafitte
Francis Garnier
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-62026
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Title: Vendemiaire (September/October)
Creator(s): Louis Lafitte
Salvatore Tresca
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-233095
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Title: Republican calendar, 22nd September 1793
Creator(s): Fran├žois Marie Isidore Queverdo
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-191471
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Title: Perpetual Republican Calendar
Creator(s): French School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-172283
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Title: Calendar for Year 23 of Reign of Emperor Guang Xu (1872-1908)
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-214111
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Title: Almanach for Year 23 of Chinese Republic
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bos-21627
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Title: Japanese postcard
Creator(s): Unknown
Vendor: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Bos-26831
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Title: New Year's Card: Children by a Black Board
Creator(s): Unknown
Vendor: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Bos-26895
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Title: New Year's Card: Calendar of the Thiry-eighth Year of Meiji
Creator(s): Unknown
Vendor: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Bos-26391
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Title: Calendar of Koryo Middle School: the 26th Anniversary, 1916
Creator(s): Unknown
Vendor: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Bos-28859
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Title: Man Sowing under the Sun with Calendar
Creator(s): Stock Printing Company (Shoken insatsu kabushiki gaisha)
Katsuhiko
Unknown
Vendor: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Met-4249
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Title: Book of the Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices by al-Jazari; The Elephant Clock
Vendor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
XIR-071588
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Title: Portrait of Ptolemy
Creator(s): Joos van Gent
Description: Overall view, single panel
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-084900
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Title: Historiated initial 'L' depicting Pliny Elder (23-79), detail of frontispiece to Book I, original text written in A.D.77
Creator(s): Italian School
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
BAL-122676
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Title: The Ambassadors
Creator(s): Hans Holbein the Younger
Description: Full-length double portrait of the French ambassador Jean de Dinteville (1504-1557) and his compatriot the Bishop Georges de Selve (1509-1542). Its most unusual feature, an anamorphic representation o
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XTD-068257
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Title: The Ambassadors
Creator(s): Hans Holbein the Younger
Description: Detail of the astronomical instruments including a celestial globe, a portable cylindrical sundial, a quadrant, and a polyhedral.
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Bal-60949
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Title: The Ambassadors
Creator(s): Hans Holbein the Younger
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XIR-172240
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Title: Chinese Astronomer
Creator(s): Peter Verbiest
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
XKH-149203
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Title: Geographers at Work
Creator(s): Cornelis de Man
Vendor: Bridgeman Education
Msf-0312
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Title: Vanitas Allegory
Creator(s): Antonio Pereda y Salgado
Vendor: Saskia, Ltd.