CDR-1316: SR Set: The Transformative 19th Century in Europe

The 1815 Vienna Congress and the Holy Alliance created hope across Europe that life could go back to pre-Napoleonic times. As it turned out, revolutions--largely unsuccessful--throughout the 19th c., however, precipitated changes on many levels across the continent. At the beginning of the 19th century, most of the work was done in and around the home by family members in the countryside. With increases in population, reapportioning of land resulting in more uniform and increased crops, we begin to see more movement towards towns and increased need for electrical and steam power, resulting in even more mobility. Ever increasing industrialization towards the end of the century required not only natural resources but also manpower. With denser population, more epidemics decimated large portions of the population until towards the latter part of the 19th c. advances in medicine resulted in more understanding and treatment of major illnesses. Growing sentiments of nationalism created unrest and changed alliances and borders. In 1871, Bismark was able to unite Germany, creating a major power determined to build its industry, military and naval power. Finally, this group offers examples of major building projects, increasing use of steel and glass as well as examples of townscapes of the late 19th c.