Humanities/Cultural Studies

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SR Set: Martin Luther and the 925 Theses
Title: SR Set: Martin Luther and the 925 Theses
Description: In 2017 Wittenberg, Germany will celebrate the 500th anniversary of Martin Luther posting his 95 Theses on the door of the All Saints Church. Personalities and events around the "Dispensation on the Power of Indulgences" and the beginning of the Protestant Reformation are documented here with relevant images.
Views: 40
SR Set: The Transformative 19th Century in Europe
Title: SR Set: The Transformative 19th Century in Europe
Description: The 1815 Vienna Congress and the Holy Alliance created hope across Europe that life could go back to pre-Napoleonic times. As it turned out, revolutions--largely unsuccessful--throughout the 19th c., however, precipitated changes on many levels across the continent. At the beginning of the 19th century, most of the work was done in and around the home by family members in the countryside. With increases in population, reapportioning of land resulting in more uniform and increased crops, we begin to see more movement towards towns and increased need for electrical and steam power, resulting in even more mobility. Ever increasing industrialization towards the end of the century required not only natural resources but also manpower. With denser population, more epidemics decimated large portions of the population until towards the latter part of the 19th c. advances in medicine resulted in more understanding and treatment of major illnesses. Growing sentiments of nationalism created unrest and changed alliances and borders. In 1871, Bismark was able to unite Germany, creating a major power determined to build its industry, military and naval power. Finally, this group offers examples of major building projects, increasing use of steel and glass as well as examples of townscapes of the late 19th c.
Views: 69
SR Set: Tomb Sculpture
Title: SR Set: Tomb Sculpture
Description: Reverence has been paid to the dead throughout history, albeit in different ways: with different structures in various materials, with symbols pertaining to an afterlife, with celebrations of glorious achievements, with moving, personal messages or grim reminders of "sic transit gloria mundi."
Views: 197
SR Set: The Bauhaus, 1919-1933
Title: SR Set: The Bauhaus, 1919-1933
Description: Industrialization across Europe in the mid 19th century resulted in a growing sense among many that mass-production and artistic expression could go hand in hand. An enormous influx of workers into cities necessitated large-scale housing projects at the beginning of the 20th century. Peter Behrens' 1907 AEG building demonstrated that art and industrial design--using concrete and steel--could very well generate artistic expression. Interrupted by World War I, Gropius in 1919 founded the Bauhaus in Weimar in the hope of reconciling fine arts and applied arts. His style of functional building was reflected in the many workers housing projects that Bruno Taut, Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier and others built in Berlin, Stuttgart and other metropolises. Hans Meyer's leadership (1928-30) resulted in important commissions and financial gain and his emphasis on mathematical accuracy may well have meant the beginning of pre-fabricated architectural components. Increasingly political difficulties intervened until finally the Dessau Bauhaus closed in 1930. Mies van der Rohe attempted to re-open the School in Berlin in 1932 but after only ten months Nazi politics and pressure resulted in the closure of the Bauhaus but not in the International style. Added 12/19: Gropius, Master's Houses for Kandinsky, Klee, Muche and Schlemmer
Views: 149
SR Set: Jerusalem and its Rich History
Title: SR Set: Jerusalem and its Rich History
Description: The long--often turbulent--history of Jerusalem is being explored in this image set. Fragments and documents are left in stone, on manuscripts and on canvas of the many conquests and influences beginning (in our group) with Kind David, the destruction of the city in 587 BC, Alexander's conquest in 332 BC, the Roman period beginning in 63 BC, the story of Jesus Christ, the Early Muslim period with the construction of the Dome of the Rock, the arrival of the Crusaders in 1099 and finally the Ottomans and the beginning of the State of Israel in 1948.
Views: 89
SR Set: Coordinated Universal Time (UTC)
Title: SR Set: Coordinated Universal Time (UTC)
Description: On June 30, 2015 a 'leap second' was added to make up the difference between International Atomic Time and Universal Time (or Astronomical Time). This event prompted us to explore the idea of time as it is represented visually in the Scholars Resource archive. The measurement of time began with the use of shadows cast by the sun as in sun dials or shadow clocks (among the earliest being ancient Egyptian obelisks). Over the centuries more elaborate instruments such as clocks, astrolabes, armillary spheres, etc. were developed particularly in pursuit of mapping celestial bodies for navigational purposes. The measurement of time remains an important element in navigation, be it for crossing the high seas in1492, navigating our quotidian life today, or traveling to the dwarf planet Pluto in the twenty-first century.
Views: 171
SR Set: Structural Engineering Marvels
Title: SR Set: Structural Engineering Marvels
Description: We stand in awe in front of some structures, simply because they seem so audacious and daring in the use of materials and design. And yet, a static equilibrium has been achieved, beginning in prehistoric times, throughout the centuries and ever more bold in our time with the help of computer programs. Master builders—often unknown—have shaped our sensitivity to our environment, our culture and sense of scale, our sense of belonging. While in no way comprehensive or complete, this group examines examples that stand out in their awe-inspiring nature, simply, because for the time they were built, they truly marked a new chapter in design and technological possibility.
Views: 189
SR Set: Masks in Western Culture
Title: SR Set: Masks in Western Culture
Description: Masks have served many purposes and transcend cultures near and far, old and new, to hide identity and to remember personalities, as these examples show (in chronological order). Ritual masks, allegorical depictions, comic and theatrical portrayals, carnival and finally death masks reveal much about culture, customs and status.
Views: 58
SR Set: Founding Fathers of the United States
Title: SR Set: Founding Fathers of the United States
Description: Scholars Resource delves into the history of these United States: historical figures and their accomplishments in pursuit of winning American independence and establishing the United States of America in 1776.
Views: 130
SR Set: The European Influence (Influx) on the American Continent
Title: SR Set: The European Influence (Influx) on the American Continent
Description: Christopher Columbus may not have been the first European to set foot on the American continent but many Europeans followed in the hope of finding fortune in this unexplored new land. Explorers, pilgrims and groups of settlers encountered immense hardship and opposition from the native population, all the while attempting to maintain their culture and language. This Image Group explores enduring influences some noted Europeans have had on this country.
Views: 97
SR Set: Influential Ancient Greeks
Title: SR Set: Influential Ancient Greeks
Description: The basic principles of the arts, sciences, philosophy and politics had their origin in ancient Greece. It was an age when man first became fully conscious of his powers and fully used them to move away from superstition. This set brings together many of the founders from these disciplines, organized chronologically. 1. Homer (ca. 750 BC) considered the greatest epic poet. 2. Solon (ca. 630-558 BC), statesman, lawmaker and poet. He laid the foundations of Athenian democracy and is considered one of the seven sages of ancient Greece. 3. Sappho (625-571 BC), she was a lyric poet from the island of Lesbos.4. Thales of Miletus (ca. 625- ca. 547 BC), considered the first philosopher of the Greek tradition and one of the seven sages of ancient Greece. 5. Pythagoras (570-495 BC), a great mathematician, philosopher and religious teacher. 6. Leonidas I (540-480 BC), a military leader and Hero-king of Sparta. He became the symbol for courage against overwhelming odds. 7. Aeschylus (ca. 525-456 BC) one of the three great tragedians of classical Athens. 8. Corinna (6th/5th c. BC) she wrote lyric poetry in the Boeotian dialect. 9. Sophocles (ca. 496-406 BC) one of the three great tragedians of classical Athens. 10. Pericles (495-429 BC), an influential statesman, orator and general in Athens, who promoted the arts and literature and started the Acropolis project. 11. Aspasia (5th c. BC), an immigrant who became Pericles' companion. Her house was an intellectual center, attracting Socrates. 12. Anaxagorus (500-428 BC) credited with bringing philosophy to Athens and conducting astronomical studies. 13. Phidias (ca. 490-430 BC) one of the greatest sculptors of classical Greece. 14. Herodotus (ca. 484-425 BC) is known as the father of history. 15. Euripides (ca. 480-406 BC), one of the three great tragedians of classical Athens. 16. Socrates (ca. 470-399 BC) an Athenian philosopher credited with founding Western philosophy. 17. Thucydides (460-395 BC) an Athenian historian, often referred to as the father of scientific history and political realism. 18. Hippocrates (460-371 BC) outstanding figure in the history of medicine. 19. Democritus (460-370 BC) influential philosopher remembered for his formulation of the atomic theory of the universe. 20. Aristophanes (450-385 BC), an Athenian comic playwright, known as the father of comedy. 21. Xenophon (430-354 BC), a student of Socrates, he became a historian, especially of the Peloponnesian War. 22. Plato (ca. 428-347 BC), philosopher and mathematician. Together with his teacher Socrates, and his student Aristotle, is remembered for founding the field of Western philosophy and science. 23. Aristotle (384-322 BC) a philosopher, scientist, and founder of Western philosophy. 24. Praxiteles (active 375-340 BC) a renowned sculptor, credited with sculpting the first nude female. 25. Lysippos (active ca. 370-300 BC) renowned sculptor who often worked in bronze and served as personal sculptor to Alexander the Great. 26. Alexander the Great (356-323 BC), King of Macedonia. 27. Archimedes (ca.287-212 BC), physicist, engineer, astronomer, inventor and considered the greatest mathemetician of antiquity.
Views: 167
SR Set: Velázquez in Vienna
Title: SR Set: Velázquez in Vienna
Description: Exhibitions of works of art by great masters are exceptional and increasingly rare. In the planning stage for ten years, one such special exhibition opened at the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna in November of 2015. As the Spanish Queen—who was present for the opening of the show-- remarked, the close relationship between Austria and Spain allowed for a rapid exchange of works of art by Velasquez, the court painter in Madrid. The exhibition--and Scholars Resource’s Image Set--begins with Velázquez'early years in Seville in the studio of his teacher Francisco Pacheco (whose daughter he married), his exploration of genre subjects (bodegones) and religious paintings. In his 37 years as court painter ( Oct. 1623), Velázquez was free to develop his rich style of portraiture culminating in the Las Meninas. It is thought that the “portraits of the Spanish Hapsburgs painted in profusion by Velazquez are surely among the finest and best examples of court portraiture in the history of European art.” (Norbert Wolf: Diego Velazquez, 1599-1660, The Face of Spain).
Views: 159
SR Set: History of Garden Style and Design
Title: SR Set: History of Garden Style and Design
Description: The long history of western garden style and design is illustrated with images from Ancient Egypt to the twentieth century. Here are painted gardens from Egyptian tombs and reconstructed peristyle gardens from Roman Pompeii. Medieval herb and vegetable gardens of monastic cloisters came to symbolize the spiritual life as an enclosed garden, or Hortus Conclusus, an allegory for Eden or paradise. Classical ideals of order and beauty emerged in Italy as terraced Renaissance gardens of shaded paths, cascading fountains, and clipped parterres. In France, grand formal gardens of symmetrical parterres, basins and vistas, as seen at Versailles, were to be followed in England by a relaxed landscape of hills dotted with trees, lakes, and allegorical temples. In the twentieth century these preceding styles were to be combined with cottage gardens, garden rooms and exuberant planting in gardens like the one at Sissinghurst Castle Garden.
Views: 381
SR Set: Major Religions: Islam
Title: SR Set: Major Religions: Islam
Description: Scholars Resource offers a visual library with insights into the history of major religions and points out the common roots and origins among Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Part III: Islam. The culture of Islam is examined from our western perspective and largely through the art and architecture produced by the various periods throughout its history: Umayyad, Abbasid, Nasrid, Almoravid, Fatimid, Ayyubid, Mamluk, Il Khanid, Seljuk, Timurid, Safavid, Mughal, Ottoman, etc. Of particular interest is the elegant and ubiquitous calligraphy expressing the fundamental faith of Islam from the Qur'an; found not only in manuscripts but forming the very structure of daily life and faith by its decorative presence on mosques, textiles , ceramic tile-work, and everyday objects.
Views: 482
SR Set: Major Religions: Judaism
Title: SR Set: Major Religions: Judaism
Description: With an apparent major restructuring of the Middle East, Scholars Resource's visual library offers insights into the history of major religions and points out the common roots and origins among Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Part I: Judaism examines the history of the Jews as told in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament), and is drawn from illuminated manuscripts, painting, and sculpture. Also included are cultural imagery, religious paraphernalia, synagogues, cemeteries, historical figures and places, and the depiction of contemporary Jewish life in the works of Max Ferguson. All these images, from artists throughout the centuries, illustrate and enhance the rich culture of one of the world's great religions.
Views: 193
SR Set: Major Religions: Christianity
Title: SR Set: Major Religions: Christianity
Description: With an apparent major restructuring of the Middle East, Scholars Resource's visual library offers insights into the history of major religions and points out common roots and origins: Judaism, Christianity, Islam. Part II: Christianity is organized as follows: Life of Christ, Disciples and Apostles, Early Christian and Byzantine churches, Crusaders, early Popes (including Pope Urban II who sanctioned the first crusade), the Church Fathers (Western Church), Martin Luther and the Reformation, Henry VIII and the beginnings of the Anglican Church, Gothic cathedrals, the Inquisition, the Catholic Church in the Baroque and spreading the faith outside Europe.
Views: 247
SR Set: Major Religions: Buddhism
Title: SR Set: Major Religions: Buddhism
Description: Buddhism, offering a path of personal spiritual development, arose from Siddhartha Gautama's (who became Buddha) quest for enlightenment around the 6th century BC in India. His image represents the embodiment of spirituality in the visible domain. Earliest Buddhist depictions documented aspects of his life, which later progressed to youthful personifications showing Greco-Roman influences, and culminated in the Golden Age of Buddha, radiating the spiritual aura of Buddha. This image set is organized by time and location, starting in India (including Pakistan and Afghanistan); progressing to China; Korea and Japan; Nepal and Tibet; Southeast Asia (including Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia and Indonesia); and ends with modern depictions of Buddha.
Views: 317
SR Set: Between two World Wars and the Rise of Naziism
Title: SR Set: Between two World Wars and the Rise of Naziism
Description: This set highlights the dramatic political, cultural and social changes that changed Europe and Russia between the world wars. While the Russian Revolution of 1917 ushered in a Communist revolutionary wave over many countries, economic woes in Germany after World War I made way for the Weimar Republic, with Berlin becoming a thriving center of new art movements. Artists used satire to attack the evils of war and its devastating consequences, while urbanization prompted new housing construction methods and types. The Bauhaus school revolutionized architecture and the arts and intellectual pursuits flourished. With rising economic tensions and continuing resentment about conditions forced upon Germany at Versailles, the Nazi party continued to gain ground until Adolf Hitler’s delusions finally sunk all of Europe and Russia into darkness at the end of World War II. We look back one hundred years to the start of World War I and at some of the ingenious inventions and devastating consequences of the two world wars on Germany and the world, in the hope that future wars can be prevented.
Views: 140
SR Set: Frozen Outdoor Living Spaces
Title: SR Set: Frozen Outdoor Living Spaces
Description: Frigid temperatures conjure images of times past when artists glorified winter by depicting the transforming effect of snow on the landscape and its inhabitants. 17th century Dutch painters were masters at capturing the atmosphere and activity in frozen living spaces, while many other painters in Europe, America and Japan were equally inspired to paint outdoor activities in their wintery surroundings.
Views: 96
SR Set: Napoleon and His Reign
Title: SR Set: Napoleon and His Reign
Description: The extraordinary life of Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) is illustrated here in images ranging from official portraits to political cartoons, from family members to allies and enemies, and from successful military campaigns to defeats. These people and events are portrayed by the artists of the day, most notably Jacques-Louis David, Antoine-Jean Gros, Antonio Canova, Baron François Gerard, Jean Louis Ernest Meissonier and Francisco José Goya y Lucientes.
Views: 46
SR Set: The Monuments Men
Title: SR Set: The Monuments Men
Description: Much attention is currently given the Monuments Men with a movie about to be released and an exhibition just opened at the National Gallery of Art. This small--though elite--group of American and British art historians, conservators and restorers were entrusted to save, salvage, rescue and restore priceless works of art at the end of World War II that had been protected in situ, carted off, and hidden in secret locations for eventual personal gain or display in Hitler’s dream of a “Fuehrer Museum” in his hometown of Linz, Austria. This group of images illustrates some of the world’s greatest treasures saved from ultimate destruction.
Views: 79
SR Set: Inimitable New York City
Title: SR Set: Inimitable New York City
Description: Underneath the constantly changing face of New York City remains its essential vibrant personality illustrated here in historic photographs, architecture and paintings. Among photographs by Jacob Riis and Alfred Stieglitz, paintings by Childe Hassam, John Sloan and George Bellows, and ubiquitous images of the Brooklyn Bridge, we feature the works of painter Max Ferguson who has documented urban scenes, store fronts, barber shops, cafes and slices of life now disappearing in the evolution of this magnificent city.
Views: 240
SR Set: Marco Polo and the Silk Road
Title: SR Set: Marco Polo and the Silk Road
Description: Along the Silk Road linking the cultures of Asia with those of Europe, goods and raw materials--as well as knowledge, techniques, religions and cultural traditions--traveled east and west. Buddhism spread via the trade routes from India to China. Early representations of Buddha from Gandahara were influenced by Hellenistic elements from the west. Cobalt blue first decorated ceramics in Iraq in the 10th century, later emerging as a Ming jar, then traveling westward to become blue and white Delftware. Tying the east and west together along the ancient trade routes through desert and mountains were nomadic peoples, traveling commercial merchants on their camels, spreading cultural wealth over centuries of exchange. Marco Polo was the first Westerner to write about his travels along the Silk Road to China, inspiring other travelers and influencing European map-making.
Views: 102
SR Set: Enlightenment of the Humanities
Title: SR Set: Enlightenment of the Humanities
Description: The current discourse on the importance of the Humanities suggests that we revisit the Enlightenment to broaden our thinking about what constitutes a 'good education'. According to David Brooks: "The job of the humanities was to cultivate the human core, the part of a person we might call the spirit, the soul, or, in D.H. Lawrence’s phrase, 'the dark vast forest'.” Our set of images looks at the figures of the Enlightenment and at some of their work, to encourage us all to examine how the Humanities expand our human core with ideas on creative thinking and personal integrity. Brooks avers that "Teachers who are zealous for the humanities leave a lifelong mark."
Views: 59
SR Set: Still Life: History from Incidental Detail to Academic Exercise
Title: SR Set: Still Life: History from Incidental Detail to Academic Exercise
Description: Still life studies emerged from details in larger compositions: food and vessels scattered on a banquet table; tools laid out in a carpenter's shop, or product goods in a market. These 'proto' still lifes appear in Egyptian wall paintings and reliefs, in Roman reliefs and mosaics and even in the marginalia of medieval manuscripts. The practice of including these detailed studies continued into the Renaissance and was particularly significant as part of iconographic programs of northern painters. These early incidental or transitional examples of formed the foundation for the still life genre that would emerge in the 16th century. Classic Dutch paintings of luxury food items, silver, and glass piled high on a table have now morphed into an academic exercise practiced by painters of every persuasion in the 20th century.
Views: 200
SR Set: East Meets West
Title: SR Set: East Meets West
Description: Man’s quest for exploration and adventure has long encouraged contacts between East and West. We look back at early encounters, beginning with Marco Polo traveling to China, Jesuit missionaries in Siam or Portuguese women in Goa. More recently, Impressionist painters were influenced by Japanese posters; and today, western architects are building in Shanghai and Dubai. The instant exchange of news and more rapid flow of trade and ideas support collaboration and globalization unimagined by merchants in Venice some 600 years ago.
Views: 144
SR Set: The Common Folk
Title: SR Set: The Common Folk
Description: The speedy acceptance of digital images was lauded as "Not only do images contribute major intellectual content, they also bring aesthetic and emotional impact to the electronic environment."(Michael Ester, 1994) and Charles Rhyne's article on "Images as Evidence in Art History and Related Disciplines,"(1997). Images of paintings depicting common folk in their environment--often by less well-known artists--give us a glimpse--the only one---into life of the common man before the advent of photography. What happened behind the windows in those houses visible in the background of an Altar painting, a cottage or city dwelling? How much has really changed in our daily lives, aside from the technology with which we document our lives? These images are evidence of times gone by and common folk who lived, laughed and loved, as we do today.
Views: 168
SR Set: Human Sexuality
Title: SR Set: Human Sexuality
Description: The artistic interpretation of human sexuality and the human condition through the ages is well documented by the many vendor archives in Scholars Resource. Examples are drawn from such varied sources as prehistoric fertility figures, Roman mosaics, illuminated medieval manuscripts, and modern works. Here are classic depictions of the human body, sensual nudes, and erotic art as well as Biblical and mythological scenes, depictions of married couples, and family groups.
Views: 139
SR Set: Richard Wagner: May 1813 (Leipzig) - 1883 (Venice)
Title: SR Set: Richard Wagner: May 1813 (Leipzig) - 1883 (Venice)
Description: Celebrating Richard Wagner's 200th birthday, this Image Set looks at Germany's multi-talented composer, conductor, theatre producer and polemicist and his influence on other composers, his later wife Cosima, even his association with a Russian anarchist and his biggest benefactor and admirer, Ludwig II of Bavaria. Richard Wagner's many operas live on in operatic houses in Bayreuth and around the world.
Views: 14
SR Set: Ancient Spiritual and Domestic Sites
Title: SR Set: Ancient Spiritual and Domestic Sites
Description: This set addresses European sites of special significance from neolithic times. These may be a place of worship such as the megalithic temples of Malta, or a domestic site as at Skara Brae in the Orkney Islands. More often, the sites remain generally unexplained, such as the ancient stone circles and alignments found in northern Europe, the best known of which is of course Stonehenge on the Wiltshire plain of England. All these monuments leave us an intriguing hint of the ancient societies and religions that built them.
Views: 205
SR Set: Dresden and its Treasures
Title: SR Set: Dresden and its Treasures
Description: Dresden and Saxony--in the heart of Europe--has a long and important history as royal residence for the Electors and Kings of Saxony. Our set illustrates some of the cultural and architectural treasures of this "jewel on the Elbe," beginning with the "Fuerstenzug" (Procession of the Princes), notable Saxon portraits, views of Dresden on the Elbe by Bellotto and other artists, works of art in the Galerie der Alten Meister and sculptures in the palace collection, examples from the Meissen Porzellan Manufaktur nearby and views of the Baroque and Rococo architecture that has been so beautifully restored after the war.
Views: 294
SR Set: Islamic Art
Title: SR Set: Islamic Art
Description: The Metropolitan Museum of Art offers an incredibly rich collection of Art in the Arab Lands, Turkey, Iran, Central Asia and Later South Asia that allows for detailed study of the evolving culture of Islam. Our Image Set is based on outlines and images used in the Museum catalog as well as additional selections beginning with the depiction of the Caliph of Baghdad , The Art of the Caliphates (7 - 10th cent.), Art of Spain, North Africa and the Western Mediterranean, Art of the Eastern Islamic Lands (9th to 14th cent), Art of Egypt and Syria (10th to 16th cent.), Art of Iran and Central Asia (15th to 19th cent.), Art of the Ottoman Court and Art of South Asia (14th to 19th cent.)
Views: 491
SR Set: The Late Eighteenth Century: from Marie Antoinette to Napeoleon
Title: SR Set: The Late Eighteenth Century: from Marie Antoinette to Napeoleon
Description: In the late Eighteenth century, the Hapsburg influence across Europe was magnified by the marriage of Maria Antonia (sixteenth child of Maria Theresia) to Louis-Auguste, the Dauphin, in 1770. The reign of Marie-Antoinette and Louis XVI came to represent a time of great change, not only all across Europe but also in England and the just-born United States. This Image Set captures some of the cultural and historic changes taking place, when opulence gave way to the rights of man and to a simpler, more classical style.
Views: 91
SR Set: Illustrations of Ethical Values (in non-religious paintings)
Title: SR Set: Illustrations of Ethical Values (in non-religious paintings)
Description: Artist's interpretations of values of money, love, death, self-worth, charity, betrayal, joys and sorrow.
Views: 162
SR Set: Costume and Fashion
Title: SR Set: Costume and Fashion
Description: A Historic Overview of Fashion for ladies and gentlemen in Europe, China, Japan and America. Regardless of whether these garments were for ceremonial purposes or for every day use, designed by fashion houses in Paris, London, New York or depicted in paintings, images from the fabulous Costume Institute at the Metropolitan Museum are helping to make our Image Set much more comprehensive and illustrate the profound creativity and craftsmanship with which these costumes were created
Views: 510
SR Set: The Mighty Roman Empire (SPQR)
Title: SR Set: The Mighty Roman Empire (SPQR)
Description: Maps of Europe until the fifth century AD leave us in awe of the influence the Roman Empire exerted all around the Mediterranean and upon the European--and parts of the Asian--continents. The empire in the east extended in various forms until 1453 with the death of Constantine XI and the capture of Constantinople by Mehmed II, leader of the Ottoman Turks. Our Image Set explores the many settlements and monuments the Romans left behind in what was an early version of a united Europe (quarrels notwithstanding).
Views: 396
SR Set: Music and Musical History
Title: SR Set: Music and Musical History
Description: This fine range of images depicts a variety of scenes of music making, as well as composer portraits, score sheets, letters, posters, and unusual musical instruments. In concert with the Musical Instruments set and the set of The Theatrical Milieu, these images from ancient Roman mosaics to works from the 19th century are an excellent visual background for any music appreciation course.
Views: 212
SR Set: Literary Images
Title: SR Set: Literary Images
Description: Designed to enhance disciplines such as English and French literature, this set offers literary images ranging from the works of Ovid to Cocteau or from Sappho to Madame de Sévigné. Here are literary figures, their colleagues and milieu, as well as illustrations from their works. Images range from Greek busts, Roman mosaics, and medieval manuscripts, to broadsheets, engravings, and caricatures. In addition, this remarkable mix is liberally sprinkled with old favorite characters like Pantagruel, Mr. Fezziwig, and Sancho Panza.
Views: 151
SR-Set: Images of Jewish Culture and History
Title: SR-Set: Images of Jewish Culture and History
Description: Images ranging from medieval Haggadahs and Megillahs; Synagogues, cemeteries and Holocaust Memorials; figures and scenes from the Hebrew Bible; and views of contemporary life are gathered here to illustrate the unique qualities of Jewish culture. (4/2009) Please note: Academic Image Sets are offered to show the breadth of our collections. You do not need to order an entire set; you can also order individual images from each Set.
Views: 274
SR-Set: Wild West
Title: SR-Set: Wild West
Description: The overwhelming dramatic wilderness of the West with its mountains, plains and big trees is enlivened with views of Cowboys, Indians, Trappers, Miners, Settlers, Missions and Buffalo
Views: 41
SR-Set: Agriculture
Title: SR-Set: Agriculture
Description: Our set offers images of the age-old agricultural practices of plowing, sowing and reaping, from Egyptian tomb painting to nineteenth century propaganda posters. Agrarian styles from diverse parts of the world include the Chinese silkworm industry, Mediterranean olives, and farming methods of Florida Indians. Here are lovely bucolic landscapes and sumptuous still lifes contrasted with the creative use of fruit and vegetables in the curious portraits of Giuseppe Arcimboldi.
Views: 154
SR-Set: Work/Occupations
Title: SR-Set: Work/Occupations
Description: Ever since 'Adam delved, and Eve span' mankind has been working. The images in this set depict occupations ranging from merchants to musicians, farmers to fishermen, and from seamstresses to soldiers. Examples are drawn from diverse sources: painting, sculpture, manuscripts, coins, Egyptian and Roman wall painting, and political posters.
Views: 204
SR-Set: The Theater Milieu
Title: SR-Set: The Theater Milieu
Description: The heady atmosphere of the theater is presented here in the colorful imagery of lush interiors and historic set designs, dramatic actors, operatic figures, graceful dancers, elegant costumes, glamorous theater-goers, and theaters ancient and modern. These exquisite images evoke the rich legacy of the theater appealing in particular to students of the arts, music, theater, and literary fields. (April 2010) Please note: Academic Image Sets are offered to show the breadth of our collections. You do not need to order an entire set; you can also order individual images from each Set.
Views: 64
SR Set: Historic Women Artists
Title: SR Set: Historic Women Artists
Description: Extensive Set of Images of Works of Art by Women Artists.
Views: 249
SR Set: Artists' Self Portraits
Title: SR Set: Artists' Self Portraits
Description: Self Portraits from the Renaissance to the 20th century from major European collections: the Uffizi (incl. the Vasari Corridor), Galleria Borghese, the Louvre, the Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz and many others. This set is intended as a companion to CDR-1126, Artists and Studios.
Views: 394
SR Set: Musical Instruments
Title: SR Set: Musical Instruments
Description: Companion set to SR Set-1103 Music & Musical History set
Views: 321
SR Set: Renaissance Portraits
Title: SR Set: Renaissance Portraits
Description: Before the age of photography portraiture served the purpose of capturing likenesses, promoting status, establishing political alliances, and arranging royal marriages. Our set of Renaissance portraits includes early iconic depictions of royal personages of the 14th century, a genre that evolved into 15th and 16th century finely detailed Netherlandish works and distinctly humanistic depictions in Italy and elsewhere in southern Europe. Painters employed various devices including pose, costume, setting, and accoutrements in order to capture the character or social position of their sitters. For self portraits see CDR-1080 SR Set: Artists' Self Portraits.
Views: 334
SR Set: Mythology
Title: SR Set: Mythology
Description: Scholars Resource offers a wealth of examples recounting the ancient myths of Greece and Rome. Those rambunctious Olympian figures whose audacious stories are such an integral part of our western heritage were treated again and again in many media: fresco, vase painting, sculpture, paintings and by a surprisingly diverse range of artists including Titian, Duerer, Poussin, Turner, Klimt and Picasso, besides the more obvious ones, such as Odilon Redon, Edward Burne-Jones and Gustave Moreau. These images are bound to appeal not only to art historians, but to a range of disciplines from Comparative Religion to Literature to Theatre.
Views: 270
SR Set: The American Civil War
Title: SR Set: The American Civil War
Description: Of particular interest for the teaching of American history, our images of the American Civil War offer portraits of the major players, portrayals of battle scenes, and artist's representations of historical events leading up to the war, including depictions of slavery. The inclusion of historic photographs add a sense of immediacy to the dramatic events they portray.
Views: 29
SR Set: Political Satire and other Ridicule
Title: SR Set: Political Satire and other Ridicule
Description: Caricature and satire (political and otherwise) offers an outlet for social criticism. Although satire is usually meant to be funny, its greater purpose is often constructive social criticism, using wit —and pen and pencil-- as a weapon. The intent of shaming individuals, and society itself, into improvement has tempted many artists, including Daumier, Goya, Toulouse-Lautrec, Diego Rivera, William Blake and many French and English cartoonists.
Views: 103
SR Set: Philosophy
Title: SR Set: Philosophy
Description: Art History is richly documented with studies of philosophers, their writings and the impact they had on the general public, the church and their rulers. Philosophy, the Greek for "Love of Wisdom" has allowed for individual interpretation over the centuries and presented us with theories and ideas as varied as Luther's '95 Theses' to Newton's 'Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy' or Kant's "Kritik der Reinen Vernunft."
Views: 63
SR Set: Women Artists: 19th Century to Present
Title: SR Set: Women Artists: 19th Century to Present
Description: Women Artists: 19th Century to Present is intended as a continuation of our earlier set of Women Artists (CDR-1052). By the 19th century women were finding a greater freedom to formally study art and were gaining greater access to academies. Women like Julia Margaret Cameron were notable among the early practitioners of the new medium of photography. As the 19th century advanced, and certainly into the 20th century, female artists were more apparent as practitioners of significant artistic styles and movements. This Scholars Resource Set (listing the artists alphabetically) exhibits the range of skill and creativity of not only the pioneering female artists, but those working today, who no longer need to be qualified as 'women artists.'
Views: 369
SR Set: La Belle Epoque: 1871-1914
Title: SR Set: La Belle Epoque: 1871-1914
Description: Peace, stability and prosperity (for many) after the end of the Franco-Prussian War in 1871 set in motion immense advances in the sciences, in building technology and the arts in France and all across Europe (Jugendstil). An influx of cheap labor into urban centers enabled large projects to flourish: the Metro, the Eiffel Tower and the early beginnings of automobile production, among others. Toulouse-Lautrec, Renoir, Gauguin, Matisse and others give a glimpse of the joyful life, accompanied in music and dance by the likes of Franz Lehar and Johann Strauss!
Views: 132
SR Set: Rediscovering Cuba
Title: SR Set: Rediscovering Cuba
Description: Havana, Cuba is celebrating it's foundation 500 years ago! Our Canadian friends and vendors have discovered--and documented--Cuba's fascinating architecture and--lately--its extraordinary efforts at restoration of many historic buildings in Havana. Scholars Resource offers a glimpse of what awaits!
Views: 135
SR Set: Decorative Arts in Western Culture
Title: SR Set: Decorative Arts in Western Culture
Description: Great art can teach us so much about technique, skill, patience and the value of mentors and/or masters who pass on their skill. Appreciating great art includes the realization that a high value was placed on supporting craftsmanship and expressions of individual creativity and ingenuity. In viewing these beautiful objects gathered in this Set--randomly selected from a wide selection--we pay homage to those artist who worked so diligently on these precious objects and whose efforts are not often acknowledged in the standard art history repertoire.
Views: 148
SR Set: The Lasting Legacy of Emperor Constantine
Title: SR Set: The Lasting Legacy of Emperor Constantine
Description: It is argued that Christianity would not have survived to become the major religion it is today were it not for the critical role Constantine played in its establishment. History has acknowledged him as a successful secular leader and an administrator known for civil and military reform, but he is particularly noted for promoting Christianity after the establishment of religious tolerance with the Edict of Milan. Our set illustrates events in Constantine's life, his mother Helena's influence, his baptism, and the establishment of the new city of Constantinople. It also includes important early figures in the church and examples of church architecture that proliferated under his widespread influence.
Views: 206
SR Set: Women of Influence
Title: SR Set: Women of Influence
Description: These women of note, historical, religious, and even mythological, have all influenced our culture, indeed our very existence in the world in one way or another. They range from rulers, thinkers, writers, artists, scientists, or individuals who have affected our lives in positive or negative ways. We offer this selection as our archive allows, in chronological order, often with a sampling of their work and portrayals by varied artists.
Views: 153
SR Set: Maria Theresa-born 300 years ago
Title: SR Set: Maria Theresa-born 300 years ago
Description: Maria Theresa (13 May 1717-29 November 1780), the last Habsburg ruler over much of Europe led a truly remarkable life. Discriminated against for her gender, Charles VI worked all his life and tried to secure his daughter's succession in the "Pragmatic Sanction." Promised in marriage to Franz of Lorraine at age 4 (the marriage took place 15 years later), she bore 16 children during her 40-year reign, while defending her territories and reign during a number of "succession wars" and the Seven Years' war. Frederick II of Prussia--staunch enemy for most of her life-succeeded in occupying Silesia, but for the most part her diplomatic skills resulted in keeping the Habsburg kingdom together and was further extended by marrying off her daughters to the leading houses in Europe, with Marie-Antoinette caught up in the beginnings of the French Revolution. Marie Theresa introduced compulsory education for all children aged 6 to 14. She improved infrastructure, including the canals in Ghent; she was instrumental in the foundation of La Scala in Milan; she was open to medical practices introduced by Dutch physician Gerard van Swieten, the Habsbourg family doctor and many others.
Views: 47